Plane Making‎ > ‎

Jack Plane

After building my heat treat oven and making my first plane iron, it was time to try my hand at a traditional style wooden jack plane.  Since it is nearly impossible to come up with a piece of hard maple of the right size and grain orientation, I decided to laminate the body from 3/4 stock that I already had on hand.

I expected this to be a trial run to learn the ins and outs of the process, a place to make my mistakes so I could do a better job on the next one.  I also decided that I would do this one entirely with hand tools so I could gauge each stage of the process against machine methods.

I started out by flattening boards to be face glued.  I glued up two halves leaving them extra long so I could add alignment dowels near the ends. 

I held the two halves together with pinch dogs while I drilled for the dowels.

Two holes at each end.

I didn't get as many photos as I would usually take during a project so there are a few steps missing here.  I cut each half with a backsaw to establish the bed and the abutment as well as the wear and front throat.  The waste was removed with bench chisels.  The cheeks were laid out then pared down with a chisel.

This shows the results of the steps described above for one half of the body.

Both halves.

The two halves doweled together.

Mouth opening roughed out.

Tote pattern ready to cut out.

I didn't get many photos of the rest of the build.  I turned the strike button from lignum vitae.  It is about 7/8" diameter and 3/4" long with a slightly domed top.
It got a couple of light coats of raw linseed oil and after curing for a week, a coat of paste wax.

Here is a shot of the finished plane. (click for larger image)

The name stamp on the toe.